Топ-100

Иностранный язык 

ИНСТИТУТ МИРОВЫХ ЦИВИЛИЗАЦИЙ (НАНО ВО ИМЦ) РЕШЕНИЕ И ОТВЕТЫ ПО ТЕСТУ ОТ 100 РУБ

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Иностранный язык

Иностранный язык (2-2) ИМЦ • Выберите правильный вариант: • Найдите соответствие: • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Bailiff • Выбрать правильную видовременную форму глагола: He ... heard much about London. • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Accused • Выберите правильный вариант 3 формы глагола to buy: • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: By 9 o'clock we'd finished the work. • Выберите правильный вариант: Everybody..... by the terrible news yesterday. • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Если бы я был на вашем месте, я бы принял их предложение! • Выберите правильный вариант • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: He said he had studied English for two years. • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: She said she had written her first story 10 years before. • Выберите правильный вариант • Найдите соответствие: • Выберите правильный вариант: In my interview I asked Celia Young why ..... another romantic novel. • Выберите правильный вариант: Ann begged me not to tell her father what..... earlier that day. • Выберите правильный вариант: • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Он приказал, чтобы товары были отправлены немедленно. • Выберите правильный вариант: A new book..... by that company next year. • Найдите соответствие: • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Claim • Выберите правильный вариант: • Выберите правильный вариант: • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: I am glad to have studied at the University. • Найдите соответствующий синоним: • Выбрать правильную видовременную форму глагола: I … Leonardo Di Caprio in Moscow this year. • Выберите правильный вариант: Many accidents ..... by dangerous driving. • Найдите соответствие: • She _______ to me that she couldn’t drive. • “to mitigate recessions” means • the price at which money can be borrowed • Choose the right variant: He told me that he would visit them when he ________ from Spain. • something that you buy • Choose the right variant: My younger daughter learned in class yesterday that the Earth_______ around the Sun. • Choose the right variant: He said that they_______-each other for many years. • When a company owns some material things they are called _________ • What does the underlined word in the given word combination ” to increase interest rates by fiat” mean:? • “They were here three months ago,” he said. • Choose the right variant: I was worried if ________ enough space to buy a new TV set to my room. • What does the underlined word in this sentence mean:“The figures diverge wildly from the budget.” • to target the exchange rate • Choose the right variant of transforming Direct speech into Reported one: • “We saw him today,” he said. • Which trend of monetary policy is imaginary? • the amount of money needed to buy, do or make something • Monetary policy has generally been formed separately from ………….. • Choose the right variant: Greg said that ________ a new job. • Traditionally the ________ compiles the company's budget. • Choose the right variant: Pam asked him why he _______ his job. • The budget of a company is usually compiled ……….. • Choose the right variant: He said that he ... that film. • Choose the right variant: I wasn’t sure if my purchases _______ or not and I didn’t know whom to ask about it. • “We’ll meet her next week,” they said. • Choose the right variant: I asked her whether she_______ there with me, but she said no. • The budget should contain a narrative explaining how you decided on the amount of this reserve • Choose the right variant: He knew that she_______ as her eyes were red. • Choose the right variant: He said that if I _________Kathrin, she _______ me. • Choose the right variant of transforming Direct speech into Reported one: • “I’ve already seen the play,” he’s told me. • At the beginning monetary policy was used to maintain ………... • Choose the right variant: Alex wondered if ... for the weekend at his place. • Choose the right variant of transforming Direct speech into Reported one: • “How are you?” he asked. • Choose the right variant: Ben asked him whether he ______ a motorcycle. • Choose the right variant: I wanted to see her but I didn't know if she________ in town. • _________ is a fundamental tool to predict with reasonable accuracy whether the event will result in a profit, a loss or will break-even. • to print and to send out by the Central Bank some money • Choose the right variant: She said that the robber________ her when she was opening the door to her apartment. • _________ rests on the relationship between the rates of interest in an economy. • What’s the primary tool of monetary policy? • Choose the right variant of transforming Direct speech into Reported one: • “Who did you see at the lecture yesterday?” my mother said. • How many trends of monetary there exist? • I promise to ______ the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. • Choose the right variant: I saw that she_________ to hold back her tears. • to determine the size and rate of growth of the money supply, which in turn affects interest rates • Choose the right variant of transforming Direct speech into Reported one: • “Have you ever been to London?” my friend asked. • She _______ me that she couldn’t drive. • the value of the money of one country compared to the money of another country • the vault is • If the approach to budgeting is compiled with the account of human factor it is defined as • The primary tool of monetary policy is _________ . • The monetary policy of China is to target the exchange rate between the Chinese renminbi and a basket of foreign currencies • Choose the right variant: Tim complained that he ______ at four o’clock in the morning. • property or other goods that you promise to give someone if you cannot pay back the money they lend you • Choose the right variant: Bill asked me what _______ for dinner the day before. • “Why won’t you let me in?” he shouted. • The managers involved in the budget process have ……………. • Choose the right variant of transforming Direct speech into Reported one: • “The plane will land in half an hour,” the pilot has just announced. • облигация • Choose the right variant: Anna explained to me that the hairdresser’s ______ down the road. • the medium of exchange • What is a chief measure of price inflation? • We went into town _______ some new clothes. • unit of account • “What’s pam doing?” “She seems _______.” • “I can’t stand this any longer!” • “Calm down. There’s no point _______ upset.” • We’d rather _______ to bed early last night. • What does the underlined word in the sentence “The consensus view is that a long sustained period of inflation is caused by money supply growing faster than the rate of economic growth” mean? • What are high rates of inflation caused by? • -21. Complete the text by choosing one of the words from the box. • the old income savings redistribution the young accounts profit inflation house technical progress • In practice, many of the people who have money in banks are (1) _______ . Having built up (2) _______ during their working life, they often put their money into bonds to ensure (3) _______ • during old age. These people lose out when there is unexpected (4) _______ and the real value of the bonds falls. They also lose out if they are keeping what they have in non-interest-bearing (5) ______ or under bed. • The young, and especially those just entering middle age, often take out a large mortgage (ссуда под недвижимость) to move into a large (6) ________ and bring up a family. Having borrowed a fixed sum of money to buy a house, they (7) ______- when unexpected inflation increases house prices and incomes without a corresponding increase in the sum they must repay to the bank or building society. • Unexpected inflation redistributes (перераспределять) from (8) ________ to (9) ________. • With (10) _________ and productivity increases, each generation is likely to have a higher living standard than the previous generation. Further (11) _________ from the old to the young increases this inequality between generations. • The don’t allow _______ here. • Choose the right variant of translation: «Люди приспосабливаются к инфляции, хотя, первоначально, возможно и не предвидели её». • Why don’t you try _______ some sugar to the sauce? It might tastes better. • Remember _________ the door when you leave. • An intermediary instrument used to facilitate the sale, purchase or trade of goods between parties • I’m afraid ______ up that tree. • What does the underlined word in the sentence” Low or moderate inflation may be attributed to fluctuations in real demand for goods and services, or changes in available supplies such as during scarcities, as well as to growth in the money supply” mean? • I’m sorry _______ they fired him. • He means _______ a job abroad. • What are monetary authorities? • I don’t remember ______ in this hotel before. • What are Inflation's effects on an economy? • Can encouraging investment in non-monetary capital projects be regarded as positive effects of inflation? • Choose the right translation for the underlined word in the sentence: ”Today, most mainstream economists favor a low steady rate of inflation” • A decrease in the real value of money and other monetary items over time _______ . • a general, continuous increase in prices: • процентная ставка • казначейский вексель • an opinion that everyone in a group agrees with or accepts • Choose the right variant: They warned us that the manager ________ the office the following day. • High rates of inflation are caused by an excessive growth of the _______ . • If the approach to budgeting is based on figures, tables and graphics it may be named as • When did the monetary policy start? • Choose the right variant: It was very late, so I _____ to bed. • Choose the right variant: He said the bus _______ a little late that day. • a plan to show how much money a person or organization will earn and how much they will need or be able to spend: • She won’t climb up the tree; she is afraid of ______ . • “My husband has got two cars,” she said. • The house wants _____ . • Low or moderate inflation may be attributed to fluctuations in ………… for goods and services. • Would you mind ________ me what you’re doing? • a period or process in which business activity is reduced and conditions become worse • Could you _______ me the way, please? • Choose the right variant: She was worried that her son ___________ very well that semester. • an event director • Choose the right variant: She told us that the new furniture _________the day before. • the system or type of money that a country uses • Choose the right variant: She told him that he ____________ harder. • Choose the right variant: He said the fire__________. a lot of damage to the building. • the amount of money you have to pay for something • The assets should be valued with each and every cost • Monetary authorities are ……….. • Choose the right variant: He said that Tom was the best student he ... . • The task of keeping the rate of inflation low and stable is usually given to _______ . • Choose the right variant: He claimed that he ________ a prize. • I regret ______ this dress; it doesn’t look nice on me. • “Don’t stop!” he told the children. • бороться с инфляцией • Sometimes it’s hard to _______ one twin from another. • Remember ______ the cooker before leaving. • Ruth _____ her prayers and went to bed. • Choose the right variant: He ________ the money he had earned. • the percentage charged by a bank etc. when you borrow money or paid to you by a bank when you keep money in an account there • It’s beginning _____ cold • “When they arrived, I was still cooking the dinner,” she said. • ___________ is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services. • the buildings and machines (оor other things) owned by a business or other organization • After finishing the report, she went on _______ some letters. • He doesn’t allow us _______ here. • The firemen are trying _______ • I’m sorry for _______ unfair to you. • Open market operations entail managing the quantity of________ through the buying and selling of various financial instruments. • Choose the right variant: He complained that he ... enough money to buy such an expensive present. • The car needs _______.. • equipment, inventory • Would you like some coffee?” she said. • They aren’t allowed ______ here. • “Did you invite Dan and Sue?” she asked. • “How about going to the exhibition on Saturday?” he said. • Finding a job means _______ attending many interviews. • He’ll never forget _______ flying over the Alps. • to make the money base shorter • the need or desire that people have for particular goods and services • Choose the right variant: She explained that she ... him because he was rude. • жёсткая политика • the people looking for work and the jobs that are available at that time • Choose the right variant: Simon was wrong when he said that Andrew ________ to his new apartment the next day. • a continuing increase in prices • Choose the right variant of transforming Direct speech into Reported one: • “I’ll see you tomorrow,” she said to her. • Choose the right variant of transforming Direct speech into Reported one: • e.Choose the right variant of transforming Direct speech into Reported one: • “I can listen to you here tomorrow,” she said. • Read Text IV SIMPLE LEARNING. Fill in the most suitable word: Pavlov made the distinction between the natural (unconditioned) and _________ response, as they were not exactly the same. • Read Text IV SIMPLE LEARNING. Fill in the most suitable word: Pavlov was making his research on the reflex processes associated with_________. • Choose the right variant: I knew that she ___________ Madrid before, so I asked her to recommend a good hotel. • Which word is odd in the interpretation range of the word in italics: The food was called the unconditioned stimulus in Pavlov’s experiments. • Choose the right interpretation of the word in italics: Pavlov accounted for the dog’s learning process according to the definite events. • Choose the right interpretation of the word in italics: The learned response seemed to be more complicated, as the dogs also acted with an air of expectancy and uncertainty whenever the signal alone was made. • Read Text IV SIMPLE LEARNING. Fill in the most suitable word: Using any signal that the dog associated with the food, would cause the animal to _________ in almost the same way as if the food was placed directly into his mouth. • Choose the English equivalent to «условный рефлекс»: • Choose the appropriate translation of the words in italics: Just as in the original experiments the signals become associated with the food by their close association, that association can be extinguished by reversing the procedure. • Choose the right variant: Charles said that he _______ me the following day. • Read Text IV SIMPLE LEARNING. Fill in the most suitable word: Scientists have performed a great deal of search with humans and animals in an attempt to _______ a better understanding of the process of learning • Read Text IV SIMPLE LEARNING. Fill in the most suitable word: Pavlov re-directed his efforts to explore a learned, or conditioned, _________ . • He is afraid________ to Mrs. Priestly. In his place I would rather ______ her. He may depend on her _______ the problem properly. • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. Fill in the most suitable word: If we are trying to teach someone a lesson, his desire to learn will ______ his achievement • You look rather tired. You are unlikely ______ the work in time. You had better _____ home now. It is not worth ________ for another several hours. • He found his history lesson extremely _________ . • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. What does “negative transfer” imply? • The mother in a state of high . _________about her son's illness took him to a hospital. • What an ________ person he is! • ________ were made to control the process. • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. Fill in the most suitable word: __________ of learning and practice allows the material or skill to be much better assimilated. • She _________ in anything antique. • Let her ______ it herself. She is considered ____ a careful and can’t stand _______ . • The adventure _________ . • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. Fill in the most suitable word: It is preferable to learn under the __________of rewards rather than the threat of punishments. • ______ breakfast on dry bread and ______ in his pocket another piece of bread _____ for dinner, he settled himself at a desk of the reading room. He looked forward to _____ his first book. • Her experience • I want _____ my holidays in Spain. • The police_________ by the clues. • He _________ by the threatening phone calls. • He _________ by her sudden change of attitude. • He stood beside a bush of roses ______ the last bees _____ into the hive. He seemed _____ attention to Ann’s cry. • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. Fill in the most suitable word: Much motivation can lead to extreme anxiety and excitement which will actually __________ the learning process • The children __________ with the clown’s tricks. • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. Fill in the most suitable word: Reinforcement can be of _______ types. • On _____ that she had just come in, he sent a maid to her room ______ her to go down though he realized that it was no use _____ to her again. • I regret ________ you that there is no money left in your account. • She went on _______ for hours. • Hedenied _______ the money. • A great deal of thought may be required in learning _______ but in the end the behaviour patterns become largely automatic. • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. Fill in the most suitable word: When the student or learner does something that leads to success he is much more likely to repeat it; when he________ , he is not likely to repeat it. • She felt _________ in the hot sun. • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. Answer the question: What is latent learning? • Don’t you remember _______ me at the Browns’ last summer? We used ______- at their place every Friday. • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. Answer the question: What is occasional reinforcement? • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. Fill in the most suitable word: The transfer of effects from the learning of one skill that ________ the subsequent learning of another. • I heard Uncle Henry _____ something to Paul. To my astonishment he seemed ______ what had happened to me. Then he let ____ to my room. • Philosophic materialism interprets consciousness as a reflection of the ______world. • There is a strong association between ageing and many kinds of intellectual ________ . • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. Which is odd in the types of reinforcement: Reinforcement can be … • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. Fill in the most suitable word: What are the conditions of successful learning? • Some child psychologists perceived a. ________- in the early behaviour of animals and the human infant. • After _____ a few pages I felt like _____ a break; I was eager _____ so I laid my work aside for a time. • Read Text VI COMPLEX LEARNING AND LANGUAGE. Fill in the most suitable word: ____________ the basic principle of learning • Fill in the most suitable word: Various branches of learning theory are used in formal training programs to _________ and accelerate the learning process. • This room wants _____ again. • Do you don't have to learn to respond to the UCS (unconditioned stimulus)? • Fill in the most suitable word: Even though psychologists and _________ are not in complete agreement, most do agree that learning may be explained by a combination of two basic approaches: behaviorism and the cognitive theories. • A feather tickling your nose causes you to sneeze. What kind of stimulus is “the feather tickling”? • Fill in the most suitable word: _________ believe that animals, including humans, learn in about the same way. • What does the word in italics imply: After a suitable number of such combinations the subject will now respond to the light as he did to the bell. • Fill in the most suitable word: Learning can be defined as a change in behavior as a result of_________ . • Fill in the most suitable word: The signal, which was the sight of the food or a bell in Pavlov’s experiments, was called the _________ . • “Go and tidy your room,” he _____ to his son. • Fill in the right word: In 1904 when Pavlov was awarded _________ in Medicine for his work on the digestive processes. • Выберите правильный вариант: A new book..... by that company next year. • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Как бы я хотел, чтобы ты была здесь! • Выберите правильный вариант: In my interview I asked Celia Young why ..... another romantic novel. • Выберите правильный вариант: Everybody..... by the terrible news yesterday. • Выберите правильный вариант: • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Радио было изобретено Поповым в 1895 году. • Выберите правильный вариант 3 формы глагола to buy: • Выбрать правильную видовременную форму глагола: We … this lesson well. • Для образования прошедшего продолженного времени глагол "to be" употребляется в форме: • Выбрать правильную видовременную форму глагола: I … Leonardo Di Caprio in Moscow this year. • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: She said she had written her first story 10 years before. • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: By 9 o'clock we'd finished the work. • Выберите правильный вариант • Выбрать правильную видовременную форму глагола: He ... heard much about London. • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: He said he had studied English for two years. • Выберите правильный вариант • Выберите правильный вариант: Ann begged me not to tell her father what..... earlier that day. • Выберите правильный вариант: The Earth's surface ..... mostly ..... with water. • Выберите правильный вариант: • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Если бы я был на вашем месте, я бы принял их предложение! • Выберите правильный вариант: • Выберите правильный вариант: Many accidents ..... by dangerous driving. • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Он приказал, чтобы товары были отправлены немедленно. • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: I am glad to have studied at the University. • Выберите правильный вариант • Выберите правильный вариант: A new book..... by that company next year. • Выберите правильный вариант: • Выберите правильный вариант: • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Если бы я был на вашем месте, я бы принял их предложение! • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: I am glad to have studied at the University. • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Радио было изобретено Поповым в 1895 году. • Выберите правильный вариант: • Выберите правильный вариант: Everybody..... by the terrible news yesterday. • Выбрать правильную видовременную форму глагола: I … Leonardo Di Caprio in Moscow this year. • Выберите правильный вариант: Many accidents ..... by dangerous driving. • Выберите правильный вариант: In my interview I asked Celia Young why ..... another romantic novel. • Выбрать правильную видовременную форму глагола: He ... heard much about London. • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: She said she had written her first story 10 years before. • Для образования прошедшего продолженного времени глагол "to be" употребляется в форме: • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Он приказал, чтобы товары были отправлены немедленно. • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: He said he had studied English for two years. • Выберите правильный вариант: • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: By 9 o'clock we'd finished the work. • Выбрать правильную видовременную форму глагола: We … this lesson well. • Выберите правильный вариант 3 формы глагола to buy: • Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Как бы я хотел, чтобы ты была здесь! • Выберите правильный вариант: The Earth's surface ..... mostly ..... with water. • Выберите правильный вариант: Ann begged me not to tell her father what..... earlier that day.